The knee is the biggest joint in the body and has a key role to play in most day-to-day activities such as walking, sitting and climbing stairs. There are three bones around the knee which play a significant role in all such activities which are femur, tibia and patella. All these bones are covered by smooth substance called articular cartilage which allows smooth gliding of the bones. The remaining portion of knee is covered by the synovial membranes which emits synovial fluid which lubricates the joint.
When there is loss or damage of this articular cartilage the result is arthritis. Some of the most common symptoms of arthritis include
- Loss of Function
Causes of arthritis
The Causes for Arthritis could be Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis and may be other autoimmune diseases. In several cases an accident may lead to post traumatic arthritis. Other complication which could occur include knee infection in child and similarly in adult.
Diagnosis of knee arthritis is not difficult and X-rays of the knee are taken, in changing angles and positions, to confirm the diagnosis and grade the severity of arthritis. Certain blood tests might be required to rule out inflammatory arthritis.
The treatment of knee arthritis differs, depending upon the severity of the condition. In early stages, simple measures like anti-inflammatory medicines, dietary supplements, physical therapy (exercises) and lifestyle adjustment might correct to relieve your symptoms.
Injections may be provided in the knee to regulate joint inflammation and give momentary relief in some cases. When this conventional treatment disappoints to relieve your symptoms, it is the time to consider surgery. Your physician may offer you one of the following surgical options: