The cervical spine of the human body comprises seven bones that are known as cervical vertebrae. They are all stacked on top of each other which form the area around our neck. Cervical disks are known to be the cushions that are located in between the cervical vertebrae. They work as shock absorbers, thus allowing your neck to move freely without any pain or issue.
The cervical spine also works towards forming a protective tunnel for the upper portion of the spinal cord. The spinal nerves are contained in this area of the spinal cord which helps to provide sensation and movement ability to the upper area of the body.
Sometimes the area between the vertebrae gets quite narrow. Hence a part of the cervical disk starts to compress on the spinal nerves or spinal cord. You start to feel pain, feel weak, or even numb. When non-surgical treatments no more work to cure this problem, a Cervical Spine surgeon will opt for Cervical Spine Surgery.
Cervical spinal surgery is a very precarious as well as a complicated form of surgery. This surgery is done in the underlining spine section which runs through the neck section. The operation could involve the nerves, vertebrae, or even the discs. The cervical area in medical terms is commonly known as C1 to C8 or the seven vertebrae as well as the eight pairs of spinal nerves.
The common medical conditions which patients usually experience in this area of the body are stenosis and herniation. Both the conditions need to undergo an operation or surgery treatment technique.
A slipped disc or herniated intervertebral disk usually happens when all or a part of the disc moves away from its original position. This way injury happens or even strain starts to take place. Hence paving way for the discs to weaken with time. A lot of pressure gets placed on the spinal nerves which are positioned in the internal section of the disc. The person who experiences this condition feels extreme pain, feels numbness, and gets quite weak.
The condition of herniated intervertebral disk usually affects the lumbar area or lower back region of the spine. It in a huge number affects old people or middle-aged. Some are even born with this condition.
Spinal stenosis is a condition where the spinal column starts to narrow down or shrink due to age. This happens because with age this area starts to get dry. Many times, this condition also gets ignited due to swelling of the ligaments or the bones due to inflammation or arthritis. Due to the narrowing condition, a lot of strain or pressure is put over the spinal cord.
There are several ways to operate a cervical spine surgery, but it hugely depends on how the problem is initiated. For example, if the problem is related to the herniated disk, it would only require a surgical cut either in the back or the front section of the body. It gets simply removed. However, if the issue is related to more than a single disc, then the surgeon would require to get the spine fused so that it gains stability before the affected disks get surgically removed.
Cervical spinal fusion and ways the operation is done:
Bone gets taken or grafted from another section of the body. It is then used in between the vertebrae so that it leads to the growth of new bones.
Sometimes not bones but metals get implanted so that they can secure or hold the vertebrae firmly. This step is done until the point the spine gains stability with the growth of a new set of bones. The metal plates are also used in the form of a brace. It gets screwed inside the bone so that it can fuse the vertebrae which are around it.
The spine gets fused soon as the whole spinal disc is removed. Then the adjoining vertebrae get adjoined or fused in.